Ophthalmology is a surgical specialty that in-volves the diagnosis and treatment of eye dis-orders and diseases such as cataract, glaucoma, eye infections, floaters and flashers, retinal de-tachment, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy. It also involves treatment of conditions related to the anatomy and functions of the eye. An ophthalmologist diagnoses and treats all eye diseases, performs eye surgery and prescribes eye glasses and lenses to correct vision prob-lems; whilst an Optometrist examines eyes for both vision and health problems, and correct refractive errors by prescribing eyeglasses and contact lenses. Surgical procedures also include reconstructive surgery to repair trauma and abnormalities, tu-mor and cyst removal, chronic conditions like diabetic retinopathy and thyroid disorders, tear duct infections or blockages, repairing torn or detached retinas, and corneal transplants